Prominent SWAPO activists
Below are short biographies of some of the key actors of SWAPO, Namibia, as well as video-clips of interviews that were conducted with them, where they share their reflections on the experiences and their relationship with the Nordic countries during the Namibian liberation struggles.
Ms. Lucia Hastens (born 1952) worked as SWAPO's secretary for Legal Affairs, and is currently a practicing barrister (LP Hastens Chambers) in Windhoek, Namibia, specialising in Corporate Law. Lucia joined SWAP in 1968 and started working for the SWAP National headquarters in 1976, where she dealt with fundraising and organizing defense for political detainees. She travelled widely throughout Namibia during the late seventies, organised rallies and demonstrations, and distributed pamphlets - mobilising support for SWAP. She also collected witness accounts of torture and abuse committed by the South African regime, and was detained several times during the late seventies.
See and listen to Lucia Hamutenya. (flv)
Herman Andimba Toivo ya Toivo
Mr. Toivo ya Toivo was born 22 August 1924. He was the Secretary General of SWAPO from 1984 to 1991 after having spent sixteen years in prison at Robben Island, convicted under the Terrorism Act for his engagement with SWAPO. At the beginning of the Namibian independence struggle, he was one of the founding members of the Ovamboland People's Congress in 1957, which later changed its name to SWAPO (South West Africa People's Organization). After the independence of Namibia, he was made minister of a number of departments: Labour (1990-99), Mines and Energy (1999-2003), and after that, Prisons (2003-2006).
See and listen to Herman Andimba Toivo ya Toivo. (flv)
Bishop Zephania Kameeta
Bishop Zephania Kameeta was born in Otjimbingwe on 7 August 1945. From 1977 to 2002 he served as a member of the Central Committee of the South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO). In March 1990, he was appointed a member of Namibia’s first Parliament, where he has served as Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly. In 1997 he was elected to SWAPO’s Politburo where he remained until 2002. As a SWAPO member in the late 70s, Kameeta made several trips to Sweden and the Nordic countries, to mobilise support for SWAPO among Swedish trade unions.
See and listen to Bishop Zephania Kameeta. (flv)